Hip fractures are a serious problem among the elderly; nearly all happen in people 60 or older. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention paints a not-so-pretty picture with its statistics. For example, the number of hip fractures is expected to increase 12 percent by 2030. Another startling statistic is that one in five hip fracture patients dies within a year of the injury. The good news is that proper in home care in New York and elsewhere minimizes the risks. Here’s what you need to know to help.
About 75 percent of all hip fractures occur in women, particularly white women. This is in large part due to osteoporosis. Also, the older a senior is, the more likely he or she is to sustain a hip fracture. A history of inadequate childhood nutrition and eating disorders also contributes.
Causes and prevention
Falling is a major cause of hip fractures, being responsible in about 95 percent of cases. Anything that an in-home care provider does to maintain a safe environment automatically helps. Caregivers should ensure adequate lighting, remove cords and other tripping hazards, and install grab bars around the home. Other preventative measures include:
- Scheduling regular eye appointments for seniors. Better vision means less likelihood of falling
- Encouraging seniors to practice yoga and tai chi to improve balance and leg strength
- Giving vitamin C supplements
What to do
If a hip fracture does occur, it is usually evident right away because the person is in severe pain and cannot stand. Get the person to the hospital right away, and surgery will be performed within a day. Complications such as blood clots and infection are not uncommon, and patients may not return home for a week or even a year. Physical and occupational therapists begin work with the patient while she is in the hospital. One of the best things that an in home caregiver in New York can do is be patient, supportive and proactive to prevent future falls. Getting the proper home care can effective a successful outcome. For more information call EvergreenChoice at 212-655–9525